Hemp 101 Education Series – Cannabinoids Like CBD, CBN and CBG Explained

June 8, 2020

Hemp 101 Education Series – Cannabinoids Like CBD, CBN and CBG Explained

In this installment of the Hemp 101 Education Series, we explain cannabinoids like CBD, CBN and CBG more in-depth.

The 2018 Farm Bill opened the door for hemp farming and derived products sales. In addition, the U.S. Government removes hemp to be declassified as “marijuana” or cannabis. See Part 1 of our educational series if you don’t understand this historic change.

Cannabidiol (CBD) and THC are the most well-known cannabinoids. Hemp and cannabis plants contain many cannabinoids and compounds.

What do we know about these other cannabinoids, CBN and CBG? Might they also have particular benefits for the human body? Here is what the research is telling us so far.

Cannabinoids Explained

A cannabinoid is a naturally-occurring, plant-based substance. It is found in cannabis and can bind with CB1 and CB2 receptors located in the brains and bodies of all vertebrates. That includes you!

Cannabinoid receptors are part of a complex network called the Endocannabinoid System (ECS). The ECS works to maintain balance in the body. Depending on the type of cannabinoid, this binding may have various desirable or undesirable effects.

See the cannabinoid breakdown chart below as a reference guide to some potential ailment solutions.


Cannabidiol (CBD)

CBD is a cannabinoid that makes up about 12%-18% of the hemp plant. Compare that to around 0.15% CBD in cannabis that people grow for marijuana.

Growers have been increasing CBD potency in many strains as of late. CBD is found primarily in the stalks, stems, and flowers.

There is very little CBD in hemp seeds and should not be confused with CBD products. However, hemp seed based products still possess a nutritional dietary value.

New research and patient testimonials show that CBD may have various effects on the body, including:

  • Anxiety reduction
  • Inflammation reduction
  • Protecting nerves from damage
  • Antipsychotic
  • Reducing nausea
  • Quieting overactive pain signals
  • Reducing cellular damage
  • Reducing tumor growth

Additionally, the FDA has approved a CBD drug for the treatment of seizures. 

Cannabigerol (CBG)

CBG makes up only about 1% of currently-grown hemp, although this may change as farmers cultivate plants to increase CBG. It is quickly growing to be a vital cannabinoid for new research studies.

Ongoing research shows that CBG may have the following effects on the body:

  • Reduce pressure in the eyes (essential for people with glaucoma)
  • Reduce inflammation
  • Support those who have diseases that attack the nerves
  • Support those with bladder dysfunction
  • Stimulate appetite, which could help people with HIV, eating disorders, or cancer
  • Reduction in tumor growth
  • Antibacterial

Many retailers will begin carrying more variations of CBD and CBG products due to growing demand and new developments.

(Cannabinol) CBN 

CBN is a cannabinoid that increases in cannabis as the plant ages. THC converts to CBN. At this time, there is not a lot of completed research into CBN benefits, but very early studies in animals suggest that it may:

  • Have antibacterial properties
  • Protect nerves
  • Stimulate appetite
  • Reduce eye pressure
  • Reduce inflammation
  • Support bone health

Additionally, mixed studies have also pointed toward possible sleep support benefits. CBN will be found any many new cosmetic products hitting the market.

CBD, CBG, CBN and Other Cannabinoids

There is some overlap among cannabinoids, which points to the complexity of cannabis and the human body. It also explains the need for ongoing research.

Cannabis studies are increasing every day. Discoveries emerge. There is much more to learn about hemp and the various cannabinoids.

Find out more by exploring our Hemp 101 Guides.

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