We begin part 1 of our Hemp 101 Education Series with an introduction guide to cannabidiol (CBD).
Two to four years ago, most of us had never heard of CBD which is derived from both hemp and cannabis plants. Many refer to the cannabis as marijuana. However, the term “marihuana” was actually derived from the prohibition period through propaganda and political influence.
Understanding the Hemp Plant
Hemp is a part of the cannabis plant family. The distinction between hemp and cannabis is simple. Cannabis contains much higher levels of THC versus CBD. Hemp contains more CBD than THC.
But what is CBD? Where does it come from? And can CBD get you high? We’ll answer these and more pressing questions in our no-nonsense Introduction to CBD guide.
THC is what gives a person psychoactive effects that cause the “high”. However, hemp derived CBD does not possess these same psychoactive effects.
Even fewer would have considered using something that comes from a cannabis plant. With changing federal laws, increasing research, and improvements in CBD education, perceptions are shifting.
What Is It & Where Does It Come From?
CBD is one of over 200 cannabinoids found in cannabis plants. Farmers cultivate cannabis and hemp plants to have higher or lower levels of various cannabinoids.
Most CBD sold in the U.S. comes from a variety of Cannabis Sativa that farmers grow to have negligible amounts of THC. Hemp derived products must comply with federal law of maintaining 0.3% of THC or lower.
These requirements came from the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018 (2018 Farm Act).
Can Cannabidiol Get You High?
Hemp derived CBD cannot get you “high” because there are only trace amounts of THC in the hemp or a properly-labeled product. CBD does appear to interact with your body, but not in a way to causes altered mental status or impairment.
It’s important to understand the lack of education for the general public and medical professionals alike. This multi-series education guide hopes to provide you with an understanding of the positive health effects we all can get from the hemp plant.
Why Do People Take CBD?
The average consumer is interested in improving or maintaining their health. According to a recent Gallup Poll, around one in five people in the U.S use CBD. The four most common reasons for use include:
- Pain (40%)
- Anxiety (20%)
- Sleep (11%)
- Arthritis (8%)
A growing body of research shows that cannabidiol may have various mental health and physical benefits. A review of 49 studies found that CBD may have the following properties:
- Anti-anxiety, which may also improve sleep
- Neuroprotective (protecting nerves from damage)
- Analgesic (pain reduction)
- Antioxidant (reducing cellular damage)
- Anti-seizure (Currently FDA-approved for this condition)
At this time, research is still ongoing. And we do not have enough data to know what dosage is right for each person. But initial results in humans and animal studies, as well as, anecdotal evidence are showing positive results.
Clinical trials are the next step. And many are currently underway for specific conditions, such as:
- Crohn’s Disease
- Chronic Pain
What Kind of Products Include CBD?
CBD can be taken orally, sublingually, transdermally (through the skin), or into the lungs. So you’ll find many products that take advantage of these cannabidiol delivery methods:
- Tincture Oils
- Lotions, salves, and creams
- Pet Treats
- Skin patches
- Vape oil
- Gummies and other edible forms
- Massage oils
- Smoke-able hemp flower
Hemp Cannabidiol CBD Education Guide
CBD is one of many characteristics found in hemp. Emerging research shows that it may be beneficial to your health. To learn more about how CBD interacts with the body and other useful properties of the hemp plant, we hope you’ll explore more of our educational series articles.